In the mid 1800s a polished stone axe was discovered at Brierlow. It was made around 5,000 years ago (Neolithic). Many finely polished axe heads have been found in the Peak District – they are often made from non-local stones from sources such as Wales, Cornwall, the Lake District and even Northern Ireland.
But the axe found here, pictured above, is from a much more distance source. Jadeite doesn’t occur naturally in Britain The stone from which this tool was made is found in the Italian Alps, almost 700 miles away.
The distance between here and the source of the stone demonstrates the extent of trade routes during the stone age, along which materials, objects, and ideas spread throughout Europe.