Sherds of Neolithic pottery were recovered from just outside the cave during the first excavation in 1928-9. Several fragments of Peterborough Ware and one of Grooved Ware were discovered inside the First Chamber during excavations by the Peakland Archaeological Society in the 1960s and 1970’s.
Peterborough Ware is one style of impressed ware, and developed from 5,000 years ago during the middle neolithic. These pots usually had a rounded base and decoration made using bone or wooden tools, pieces of cord and finger nails or tips. The Peterborough Ware sherds from Fox Hole Cave are around 5,000 – 4,000 years old. Crushed quartz has been added to the clay to help prevent exploding during firing.
Grooved Ware developed in the later Neolithic period, probably originating in Orkney and then spreading throughout Britain. Grooved Ware pots are flat-based with straight sides sloping outwards and grooved decoration around the top. Some examples also have complex geometric decorations .