Poole’s Cavern has been inhabited by humans for thousands of years. It was formed around two million years ago by the waters of the River Wye. Recent excavations uncovered molten blobs of bronze, hammered ingots, Roman pottery, animal bones, Roman coins, bronze jewellery, and a crucible for pouring molten metal. These finds suggest that a bronze-smith was working from the cave during the Roman occupation, supplying the soldiers on leave from the front lines of the Roman invasion with trinkets and jewellery.
The remains of four human skeletons were found at Pooles Cavern; three of which are believed to be Roman. The excavated animal bones give an insight into the diet of the occupants: cow, sheep, pig, oysters, and cockles. Fragments of Roman amphora jugs indicate that wine was also drunk at the cavern. The Roman jewellery and coins reveal that the cave was in use from about 70 CE for over 300 years, throughout the Roman occupation of Britain.