What is Beeston Tor, what was found there and who found it?
Beeston Tor is a limestone cliff located in Staffordshire, overlooking the River Hamps and River Manifold, famous for its caves and very popular among rock climbers. The hoard, consisting of Anglo-Saxon coins and jewelry, was discovered in 1924 by Rev. George H Wilson. Most of the coins were of Burgred (King of Mercia 852-888 CE) and Alfred the Great (King of Wessex 849-899 CE), which dated the hoards deposition to circa 875 CE, perhaps associating its concealment with the purpose of protecting it from the Viking army wintering at nearby Repton in 873/4 CE.
Wilson wrote about his findings on Some Caves and Crags of Peakland and Cave Hunting Holidays in Peakland, which contain sections on the famous discoveries he made at Beeston Tor. Specifically, a large gold finger ring and two silver brooches. Other interesting items discovered there include two plain copper alloy wire finger-rings, along with various fragments and strap ends.
The two silver brooches show different aspects of the Trewhiddle-style decoration (named after the place in Cornwall where the style was first identified).
The smallest belongs to a tradition of small elaborate openwork brooches and mounts going back as far as the 8th Century, and reflects the native Anglo-Saxon taste. Wilson explained that there are five studs and openwork medallions, four of which are reminiscent of the fleur-de-lys and one representing a cross. The animal patterns on the brooch are all different, and are running into interlacing and ivy-scrolls.
The second, larger, brooch has eight studs (originally nine) that are connected by pointed oval spaces. Wilson points out that three of the pointed oval spaces contain simple interlacing with thickened end-loops in the style of certain illuminated manuscripts of the period (e.g. Lindesfarne Gospels, about 700).
The Anglo-Saxon rings found at Beeston Tor include a golden finger-ring, that has a lozenge shaped cross section. As well as two thinner finger-rings made of plain copper alloy wire. Wilson states that the treasure was found loose and had traces of skin or leather, which suggests that they may have originally been deposited inside a bag or purse.
Other examples of Trewhiddle Style – https://www.bmimages.com/results.asp?txtkeys1=trewhiddle+style
Lindisfarne Gospel – http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/sacredtexts/lindisfarne.html