How did an antiquarian record Arbor Low in the 1700s?(read more)
Barbed-and-tanged flint arrowhead
DERSB : 1979.339
Barbed-and-tanged flint arrowhead found at Arbor Low, 4,500-4,000 years old. (Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age)
Barbed-and-tanged arrowheads developed between 6,000-4,000 years ago (during the Neolithic) and were still being produced as late as 3,500 years ago (Bronze Age). The barbs help the arrowhead to stay inside the target, and the tang in between connects the stone arrowhead to the arrowshaft. Experiments have shown these arrowheads to be particularly effective in comparison to other types of stone arrowhead.
Some barbed-and-tanged arrowheads are made to an extremely high standard. Many are found alongside burials. Some archaeologists think that certain 'fancy' arrowheads were made for ritual purposes, rather than for practical use.
Many stone tools have been found in the landscape around Arbor Low, suggesting this was an important focal point for prehistoric people, but no one really knows why or what people did there. Did people gather here seasonally to meet each other and celebrate festivals? The earthen bank and ditch of the henge were built around 4,500 years ago and can be seen from miles away. Around 500 years later a circle of large stones was added, hidden from view by the bank of the henge. Archaeologists are still debating whether or not the stones stood upright.
- How old is it? Bronze Age
- Rights: Creative Commons CC BY-NC 4.0 Buxton Museum and Art Gallery (part of Derbyshire County Council)
Wonders linked to this object:
Evidence suggests that the landscape around Arbor Low was used for thousands of years, even before the henge and barrows were built(read more)