You should be following the route of the road with trees either side of you. If you were here around 310 million years ago you'd be in a very different type of forest - one that was warm, swampy and home to creatures such as giant dragonfly. These forests formed the coal measures that were mined here in the Goyt Valley, and elsewhere. There's evidence of coal mining in the Goyt Valley from the 1600s. Much of the coal was used in local lime kilns. Fossils are also found within the coal measures, such as the fossil below, it's from ... (read more)
DERSB : 2017.55
Lepidodendron fossil from Goyt Valley Coal Measures. 312-305 million years old. Lepidodendron, or scale trees, were tree-like plants that could grow up to 40 m high. The trunk had a scaly texture made by the diamond-shaped scars where leaves were attached. Lepidodendron grew in moist swamps in great numbers and became a significant component of the Carboniferous coal seams. This fossil was found by Elizabeth Dale, a geologist and botanist who was born in Warrington at the end of the 19th century and lived in Buxton during her school years. She was the author of 'The Scenery and Geology of the Peak District' and went on to be a research worker at the Cambridge Botanical Laboratory, working mainly in plant pathology, and published at least 12 scientific papers. She also collected the fish scale fossils displayed here (16.75) from the Goyt Valley coal measures.
- Description: height 27 mm; length 128 mm; width 75 mm; weight 0.222 kg
- Who collected it? Dale, Elizabeth (collector)
- Credits: E Dale Collection.
- Rights: Creative Commons CC BY-NC 4.0 Buxton Museum and Art Gallery (part of Derbyshire County Council)