You should be following the route of the road with trees either side of you. If you were here around 310 million years ago you'd be in a very different type of forest - one that was warm, swampy and home to creatures such as giant dragonfly. These forests formed the coal measures that were mined here in the Goyt Valley, and elsewhere. There's evidence of coal mining in the Goyt Valley from the 1600s. Much of the coal was used in local lime kilns. Fossils are also found within the coal measures, such as the fossil below, it's from ... (read more)
Cast of a fossilised dragonfly wing
DERSB : 9045
Dragonfly (Erasipteron bolsoveri), 300 million years old.
This is a cast of a wing fossil found at Bolsover Pit, Derbyshire, in 1978, now in the Natural History Museum, London. Its name means gracefully winged of Bolsover. It was the first described specimen of this species. In 1980, another specimen was found in the pit with a wingspan of 50cm, named Typhus ailuculum, 'giant dragonfly of the dawn'.
- Description: height mm; length 175mm; width 72mm; diameter mm; depth 10mm
- Who collected it? Cast of Holotype in BM (collector)
- Rights: Creative Commons CC BY-NC 4.0 Buxton Museum and Art Gallery (part of Derbyshire County Council)