Lullaby of the Larks Derbyshire Museums Manager, Ros Westwood's response to the exhibition at Buxton Museum and Art Gallery
DERSB : 2009.48.1011
Chert blade found at Fin Cop, 12,000–6,000 years old (Mesolithic).
This blade is made from a local black chert. Chert is a hard rock similar to flint, and was quarried nearby. Flint, which was a superior tool-making material, had to be carried in or exchanged with neighbours.
The hilltop of Fin Cop has been visited by people for over 12,000 years. Around 10,000 years ago, people at Fin Cop quarried chert – a hard stone that can be made into hunting barbs, as well as scrapers and piercers for working hides. Many years later, about 4,000 years ago, local farming communities buried their dead here in rock-cut graves covered by a barrow.
Around 400BCE, the hilltop was fortified by a massive stone rampart. Between 2009 and 2012, a community archaeology project uncovered some more secrets of Fin Cop. They found a second, hastily-built bank and ditch which suggests that the people were responding to an immediate threat. It seems this became reality when the women and children were massacred. The bodies were thrown into the hillfort’s ditch and the stone ramparts pushed over on top of them.
- How old is it? Mesolithic
- Rights: Creative Commons CC BY-NC 4.0 Buxton Museum and Art Gallery (part of Derbyshire County Council)
Wonders linked to this object:
Beneath the peaceful green hill fort of Fin Cop lies a segregated mass grave of women and children, providing an intriguing narrative into one of the earliest examples of warfare in Iron Age Britain.(read more)