Beneath the peaceful green hill fort of Fin Cop lies a segregated mass grave of women and children, providing an intriguing narrative into one of the earliest examples of warfare in Iron Age Britain.(read more)
DERSB : 2009.48.1048
Flint scraper found at Fin Cop, 4,000-3,000 years old (Bronze Age).
Scrapers are a common stone tool found in many forms. Scrapers had many uses such as removing hair and fat from animal skin, and scraping bark to make sticks and handles. Due to their shape these types of scraper are known as 'thumbnail' scrapers.
The hilltop of Fin Cop has been visited by people for over 12,000 years. Around 10,000 years ago, people at Fin Cop quarried chert – a hard stone that can be made into hunting barbs, as well as scrapers and piercers for working hides. Many years later, about 4,000 years ago, local farming communities buried their dead here in rock-cut graves covered by a barrow.
Around 400BCE, the hilltop was fortified by a massive stone rampart. Between 2009 and 2012, a community archaeology project uncovered some more secrets of Fin Cop. They found a second, hastily-built bank and ditch which suggests that the people were responding to an immediate threat. It seems this became reality when the women and children were massacred. The bodies were thrown into the hillfort’s ditch and the stone ramparts pushed over on top of them.
- How old is it? Bronze Age
- Rights: Creative Commons CC BY-NC 4.0 Buxton Museum and Art Gallery (part of Derbyshire County Council)