Leawood Pump is a stationary, single acting, 70 horse power, overhead beam steam pumping engine which was constructed in 1849 to pump water from the River Derwent into the canal to maintain the water levels in the canal. The engine was built by Graham and Co of Elsecar, the original boiler plates were supplied by the Butterley Company of Ripley. The present boilers are locomotive type built by Midland Railway Co in 1900. The building is a very grand construction of dressed gritstone and slate roofing built below the towpath level just south of HPJ, it has 95 feet high chimney which can be seen from quite a distance away. This pumphouse replaced an earlier temporary pump which had been installed just north of HPJ in 1844 following a drought.
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Fernilee is the first and older of the two reservoirs, constructed in 1938. On the east side of is a section of the old Cromford and High Peak railway line that once linked the High Peak canal at Whaley Bridge with the River Derwent in Cromford; the cradle of the industrial revolution. Although it was once a vital link in a chain of production, it is now one of the most scenic and serene walks in the Peak District. This section of the line closed in 1896.
The Fishpond stands near to the Grand Pavillion, and some locals believe it to be smaller than it once was – however, this more likely to be a because the surrounding trees have grown larger around its edge.
Architect John Nuttall led the £11,000 construction of the Grand Pavilion in 1910 on the site of a former stables and blacksmiths yard next to the river Derwent. Later that year the Matlock and District Operatic Society performed there as well and the group are still performing today under the name of Matlock Musical Theatre.
Publisher: New Real Photo Series by A.W. Bourne, Leicester.
Lighted boats parading through Matlock Bath have had a number of names including Venetian Fete and Venetian Nights and lately The Matlock Bath Illuminations. The Illumination season runs from mid-September to the end of October, with the Saturday evening including a fireworks display. In this case, one of the boats appears to be a plane that experienced a difficult water landing.
The Illuminations have a long and established history dating back to 1897, first held to celebrate Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee. It was intended to be “a procession of illuminated boats on the river and simultaneous illumination of the walks by coloured fires”.
Recollections of an earlier visit to Matlock Bath by the then Princess Victoria inspired The Illuminations. She recalled how, when staying in Matlock Bath, she looked out of her hotel window and saw the candle lights reflected in the River Derwent.
During this time, many of the boats resembled Venetian gondolas but over time, the designs became increasingly ambitious and elaborate. Today, the event still features the decorated and illuminated boats that are produced by the members of The Matlock Bath Venetian Boat Builders Association who also row them each Saturday and Sunday evening during The Illuminations season.
For a more detailed history of The Illuminations together with photographs of previous entries, please visit the andrewsgen.com website.
For a more information concerning attending the modern day Matlock Bath Illumination, please visit the Derbyshire Dales District Council website.
This postcard depicts a street scene taken from the end of Dale Road, at the junction to Matlock Bridge which crosses the River Derwent. The shop on the left of the image is H. Barnwell and Son, a local seller of watches and time pieces. There is a suggestion that the gentleman stood outside the shop is owner Harry Barnwell. His father, Henry Barnwell moved from Birmingham to Matlock, and established his business in 1876. Henry Barnwell Jr (known as Harry) took over the running of the business in 1887 when his father died.
The site, No5 Dale Road is now currently occupied by a branch of HSBC Bank. The original shop was demolished and made way for the bank in a Georgian style around the time of 1917.
This street scene itself has been dated to about 1900.
To see more images of this area and learn more about this part of Matlock and the Barnwell’s shop visit the Wirksworth Parish Records.
The Snake Pass, between the western arm of the Ladybower Reservoir at Ashopton and Glossop, is one of the shortest routes linking Sheffield and Manchester. It reaches a height of 1,680ft at Snake Summit. The road is well known from winter weather forecasts: it is one of the first roads to close in winter snows – and one of the last to reopen.
Despite what some people think, the pass takes its name from the serpent-headed coat of arms of the Dukes of Devonshire, and not from its winding nature. The Dukes of Devonshire and Norfolk, both prominent local landowners, contributed greatly towards the cost of the Sheffield to Glossop Turnpike road when it was constructed between 1818 and 1821, to a design by the Sheffield surveyor, William Fairbank.