The Romans began the full-scale invasion of Britain in the year 43CE. By 69CE the invasion force had reached Derbyshire and the Peak District. Buxton, with its warm thermal waters bubbling out of the rocks at a constant 27.5 degrees Celsius, must have seemed like a gift from the Gods among the inhospitable cold rain and mud of the British uplands. Like the Britons who inhabited the peak district, the Romans believed that the water was sacred, or enchanted, and dedicated the warm springs to the Celtic goddess Arnemetiae.
Fine Roman pottery, glass and precious coins have been discovered around the town. This suggests that Buxton was an important place for the Romans who treasured and exploited the area for its spring waters.